Well - having a nice Windows interface is a fine thing - unless you want to automate certain things, which often is sheer impossible with all this Windows wizardry, often requiring dozens of clicks to accomplish even trivial tasks - just try to automate a Backup of your data with your favourite CD-ROM burning program.
Drive Snapshot has a very easy command line interface:
C:\> SNAPSHOT C: X:\C-Drive.sna
this will backup the C: drive to X:\C-Drive.SNA.
To save several Volumes, simply create a Batch file like
SNAPSHOT C: \\Server\Backups\C-Drive.sna
SNAPSHOT D: \\Server\Backups\D-Drive.sna
SNAPSHOT E: \\Server\Backups\E-Drive.sna
This will backup C:, D:, E: to your server..Alternatively you can use
SNAPSHOT C:+D:+E: \\Server\Backups\$disk-Drive.sna
to backup C: and D: and E: at once.To create a backup of all partitions on a physical disk (here HD1) use:
SNAPSHOT HD1:* \\Server\Backups\$disk-Drive.sna
Most of the time, it's sensible to limit the size of a single image file to
some maximum value, so it can be written to a CD-ROM.
The default maximum size is 1450MB; you can change this with the -L parameter.
To avoid trouble with DOS when restoring your drives, you should keep this below 2 GB.
This will empty the Recycle Bin for this drive before starting the backup.
If the cursor is in the top left corner at the time of start, Snapshot
assumes it has been started from a batchfile, and waits for the <ANY> key
at end, so you can control the execution.
This is probably unwanted, if it was started from the scheduler.
This WaitForAnyKey can be suppressed with -W.
For those who have created a shortcut to a customized Snapshot command, but still want to see a graphical progress.
Useful if you have configured a shortcut or similar for automatic backup, telling the user 'Click here to backup your drive'.
It has a few sub modes like
-G show progress, wait for user to
click [exit] when done
-Go show progress, exit when done if everything worked, else tell him so
-Gm start minimized
-Gx show progress, always exit when done
You can request a test of the image for validity, after it has been created.
This will completely reread the image and check its consistency, checksums,...
However (in particular in batchfiles) it's probably better to test the image separately ;like
snapshot x:\image.sna -T
so you can know whether a failure was due to the destination server being down, or 'unreliable data written'.
Any failure will be returned as Errorlevel > 0.
please see differential.htm for detail
This password will be used for backup, restore, and mount from now on.
Restore and mount will ask for the password, should it be needed.
C:\> SNAPSHOT X:\D-Drive.sna D:
restores the D: drive from X:\D-Drive.sna.
This will overwrite all data on the D: drive !!
The limitations are identical to the normal Snapshot Restore.
From the command line, you can set the password with -PW=SuperSecret
C:>Snapshot C: X:\Backup\c-drive.sna -PW=SuperSecret
This overrides a default password for this command only.
If you have a default password, and don't set one from the command line, the default is used.
If you have a default, but nevertheless don't want your image encrypted, you have to indicate an empty password:
C:>Snapshot C: X:\Backup\c-drive.sna -PW=
In some cases it can be useful to exclude some files or directories from backup.
That's always the case for (and is always done automagically) for PAGEFILE.SYS and HIBERFIL.SYS, but can also be useful for temporary files, big movie archives (which you have on the bought DVD anyway and similar stuff.
Due to technical reasons, the data in excluded files are not
saved, but the directory entries ARE saved.
Therefore, both when viewing the backup, and after restoring, the files *look* intact, but contain all zero's (when viewing) or random data (after restore).
For this reason, the image contains a fresh created Batch job 'SnapshotDeleteAfterRestore.BAT'.
After restore it should be executed to avoid possible confusion (it will delete all unsaved files).
Files and directories can be excluded by
--exclude:\Temp\* (which is equivalent)
options can be concatenated with commas like
,"\Program Files",\Windows\$NtUninstall* (1.38)
\temp and \temp\* are equivalent
Spaces in Filenames have to be enclosed by `"`
Subdirectories are also always excluded.
Some 'magic' strings in the command line are replaced with the data, computer name, disk, etc.
So it makes sense to
c:\>snapshot C: \\server\backups\$computername\$DISK-$DATE.sna
|$date||Date 6-digit YYMMDD|
|$type||for differential Images --> 'dif'|
|$disk||the drive letter (C,D,...)|
|$weekday||weekday, 2 letters|
|$year||year (4 digits)|
|$day||day in month (1..31)|
|$week||week number (1..53)|
C:\> SNAPSHOT X:\C-Drive.sna Z: -V
mounts the image X:\C-Drive.SNA as drive Z:
with a couple of variants:
-VM just mount the image, don't start Explorer
to be used in batch files
-VQ Z: mounts the volume, doesn't show any dialog
-!unmount:Z unmount Z:
-!unmount unmount all mounted drives (from 1.38)
Snapshot should be started with 'start' like
x:\image.bat Z: -vq
xcopy z:\Data c:\Data
additionally File Extensions
work as expected
Unfortunately, images can be damaged.
Some image sub-files may be missing or unreadable, data may be damaged, etc., and the image isn't mountable any longer.
As a disk image, this is useless as you will never know what data are missing.
But often all you need is a few files from the image.
If the .SNA file is existing,
c:>snapshot x:\DAMAGED.SNA --repair:Y:\REPAIRED.SNA
will try to reconstruct something mountable; at least after running CHKDSK over the virtual drive you should be able to retrieve some data. The new image needs approx. the same size as the original image.1.44 With the command
c:>snapshot x:\DAMAGED.SNA --repair:Y:\REPAIRED.SNA --OnlyOffsetInfothe new image Y:\REPAIRED.SNA contains the offset information only. This kind of repair operation uses much less disk space. The image can be mounted with the command
c:>snapshot x:\DAMAGED.SNA --OffsetInfoFile:Y:\REPAIRED.SNA
If you restore using VistaPE/BartPE, running
will ask you for the driver to be installed, and the location of the (restored) Windows, and install this driver as an additional disk driver
|--LogFile:C:\LOGFILE.TXT||redirects output to C:\LOGFILE.TXT um.|
|indicates usage of Windows VSS services or the internal driver|
|--AllWriters||uses VSS services in a way that all supporting applications (exchange, oracle, SQL server,...) are notified about start of backup, and successful finish; see also VSS. this also truncates transactions logs|
sets implicit --AllWriters, but disables a given writer; see also VSS
uses only the given list of writers
|--CreateDir||creates automatically the destination directory|
|1.43||--DedupTarget||optimizes (somewhat) the storage requirements on a deduplicating Server 2012; disables compression|
|1.43||--AutoBackupSize:512||if set, all small partitions on the same drive are also backup'ed (as HD1-1.sna, HD1-2.sna,...). the intention is tosave all partitions necessary to boot the system.|
|allows exclusion of directories, files or files types from backup.
|using this option can speed up differntial images. All files and folders given in the command line won't be read
if the file size, the modification date and the used clusters haven't changed since the last full backup.
|1.46||--EjectDriveAfterBackup||Eject/Dismount a removable drive after successful image creation.
|--FullIfHashIsMissing||if during a differential backup a corrupt or missing hash files is detected, a new full backup is created||--exec:"NET START ORACLE"
|for use with the internal driver: after snapshot creation (just a few seconds after starting the backup), you can execute external command. has to be the last command on command line!|
|--LimitIORate:10||limits maximum I/O rate on the destination drive to 10MB/s ( 1-100)
(de) activates the partition X:
|--resize C: 100000||enlarges the file system C: auf 100 GB, or at most to the existing partition size(see also)|
|--resizepart C: 100000|| enlarges both partition and file system to 100 GB
--resizepart can't shrink the partition!
|--RestoreMBR HD1 filename -||restores exactly the first 512 byte of a partition|
|restores all partitioning information, including boot
code (up to 63 sectors), extended partitions,...
recommended instead of --RestoreMBR
|1.43||--Extendpartitions:Image.sna HD1||as --RestorePartitionstructure, but grows all NTFS partitions proportional to fill the disk|
|1.44||--EntireDisk Image-C.sna HD1||Restores the partitions strucutre and all images saved with the same snapshot command (snapshot HD1:* Image-$disk.sna) to disk HD1|
|--Schedule C: D:\image.sna||schedules restore of C: from file D:\IMAGE.SNA for the next restart. D: must be a fixed drive; network drives are not supported|
|--ListSchedule||shows a possibly scheduled restore|
|--RemoveSchedule||removes scheduled restores|
|rules behaviour after restore:
the computer will restart never/always/only no errors happened.
|adds additional (disk-) drivers. See Hardware|
--SetSignature HD1 01234567
|sets/removes disk signature
|shows in two different formats information about found drives and partitions|
|--SearchFull:Fullpath||when mounting a differential image, and the full image is located somewhere else.|
|--?||list of all available options|
|--setdefaultpwd=MyPassword||enters into registry a password with which coming images will be encrypted per default.|
|tries to make most out of an image where parts are missing, unreadable, or destroyed. no warranties.|
|1.46||--repair X:CORRUPTED.SNA||Snapshot will try to repair the image CORRUPTED.SNA. All repaired data will be appended to the existing image. You need at least version 1.46 of Snapshot to mount the repaired image.|
|--QuickCheck:test.sna||quick check if he images looks complete, and has some magic words at start and end of backup. does not replace a complete test using -T|
|1.46||--DeepVerify||if used in addition to -T the image will be verified using the algorithm used until version 1.45.|
|--register:Lizenzdata.txt||generates a licensed snapshot.exe using the license info that we sent to you.||--merge:new_full.sna diff_image.sna||combines a full and a differential image into a new full
|1.44||--NetUse:\\server\share,N:,Username,Password||connects the network share \\server\share with drive letter N:|
|1.44||--NetUse:\\server\share,Username,Password||connects the network share \\server\share \\server\share without using a drive letter|
|1.44||--AddFTPAccount:Username,Server,Password,Port||Adds a FTP account with the given credentials. If the port number is omitted, the default port (21) will be used.|
|1.44||--DeleteFTPAccount:Username,Server,Password,Port||Deletes the FTP account for the user with the given credentials. If the port number is omitted, the default port (21) will be used.|